For riders, it comes down to the moment they step into the arena with their horses. But judges evaluating them begin working long before that moment.
In addition to determining winners, the judges must ensure a fair competition and keep the horses safe. Much of the fate of the athletes depends on their decisions, outside and inside the arena.
In show jumping, where horses jump over courses against a clock, and dressage, in which horses perform complicated routines, judges must determine that a horse is fit to compete and that the rules are being followed. Though top riders from both disciplines will gather in Goteborg, Sweden, to compete in the F.E.I. World Cup Finals, the jobs of the judges of the two sports have little in common aside from these basic duties.
Show jumping is an objectively judged sport. The Ground Jury, or panel of four judges, watches for faults as the horses and riders jump over hurdles that are more than five feet tall. Scores are based on time and whether any poles were knocked.
“The job of the Ground Jury is basically to make sure all the rules and regulations are followed throughout the competition and not only what’s happening in the arena, as such, but generally speaking what’s happening all over the venue where the competition is held,” said Sven Holmberg, who will be the president of the Ground Jury overseeing the show jumping finals in Goteborg.
In dressage, judges observe the tiny movements the horse and rider make together, watching them dance across the arena, noting every ripple and assigning a value to each movement based on how well it is completed.
The scores are based on the “quality of the training” and “the suppleness and elasticity of the horse,” said Magnus Ringmark, one of the seven judges for the dressage finals this weekend. The final mark for a rider is a composite of the scores, making it “comparable to judging ice skating; it’s an art sport,” Ringmark said. “It’s all about the performance and how it looks.”
Many judges begin as riders. They spend many years training and judging at lower levels, eventually reaching the five-star, or top-level, status, like those who will be judging in Goteborg.
The job of the judge can be roughly broken down into three phases.
Before the competition, judges of both sports must make certain that the conditions in the arena, such as the ground, will be the same for all riders. Show jumping judges also consult with the course designer to make sure the jump courses are appropriately difficult.
Once the athletes arrive at the show before the competition, the judges make sure that they are fit to compete. They watch each horse move to check for lameness or other injury, and a veterinarian checks for health issues.
“Your ability to continue on in the competition hangs in their hands,” said Laura Graves, an American dressage rider who will ride Verdades, her 17-year-old bay gelding, at the finals, but “it’s important that they’re critical for the welfare of the horse.”
If the issues seem small, or possibly just a matter of adjustment after a long trip, riders get a second chance to present their horses for inspection the next day.
“They have a look at the movement of the horse, they have a look at the general shape of the horse” before making a determination, said Christian Ahlmann, a German show jumper who will be riding his 10-year-old gray stallion Clintrexo Z at the finals. If they are asked to come back for a new inspection, “then you have a second chance, and it starts from zero,” he said.
Under a rule that has been the subject of much debate, horses can also be eliminated if there is even a drop of fresh blood on their bodies during the competition. The rule was introduced to protect the horses, but some in the sport feel it is excessive, because horses are often accident-prone and blood might not indicate abuse.
The biggest phase of a judge’s duties comes when the competition begins.
During dressage, where each rider performs a prescribed test with 33 moves and a freestyle routine, the judges are seated around the ring in different locations.
“We sit around the arena so we have different angles, and we don’t know what the other judge is doing,” Ringmark said. “If I sit and see the horse from the front, I can sometimes miss things that happen with the hind legs, for instance.”
The judges score each move from zero to 10, in seconds. The judges’ scores are compiled to reach a total score out of 100. A standard result tends to be in the 70s, with a great score pushing into the 80s, Graves said.
“The first thing we look for is the quality of the horse, or the athleticism of the horse,” said Janet Foy, a judge at last year’s finals. “With the three gaits, rhythm is the most important thing, but then we also look for scope and freedom and elasticity, sort of the wow factor.”
The judges also consider how good a horse’s training is, she said. “Ideally, at the end of the day, the best horse with the best training wins the gold medal,” she said, “so a more average horse with very good training should also score highly.”
Finally, they consider how well the move, along with the entrance into it and the departure from it, was executed, Foy said.
Ringmark said it should look easy. “It has to look like the horse wants to do it, and it has to look like the rider is not doing anything.”
One of the most important aspects of being a dressage judge, Foy said, is maintaining a sense of objectivity when evaluating the riders.
“You have to judge everyone like you’ve never seen them before,” she said. “Everyone who comes into the ring has no name, no history, no reputation, good bad or otherwise. You need to look at everybody, whether they’re first or last in the class, like a possible winner.”
In show jumping, the judges keep track of the timer and penalties, but “the best officials are the ones who are invisible,” said Robert Ridland, the chef d’équipe for the United States show jumping team. “They foresee problems before they happen, they have enough experience to be able to make the common-sense judgment call when needed.”
Such issues could include a timer that is placed poorly, which could cause a rider to accidentally set it off and cause time penalties, he said.
Judges also must make sure the competition is fair. If, for instance, it becomes very windy or rainy partway through a class, changing conditions, they may have to decide whether to continue, said Anna Lindqvist, who will be on the Ground Jury in Goteborg.
“You have always to be prepared to make a tough decision even if it’s the best rider in the world,” Lindqvist said. “We can’t have rules for everything, so we just need to use common sense and do as much as we can.”
Though judges have many considerations throughout the competition, the primary goals are to keep the horses safe and ensure fairness.
“What we do is for the love of the sport,” Foy said.B:
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【本】【来】【只】【是】【送】【一】【个】【东】【西】，【苏】【薇】【亲】【自】【跑】【了】【一】【趟】【不】【说】，【就】【连】【穿】【着】【打】【扮】【也】【像】【是】【要】【上】【哪】【儿】【吃】【饭】【一】【样】【正】【式】，【淡】【妆】【一】【化】，【还】【真】【有】【那】【么】【一】【回】【事】【儿】。 【对】【比】【起】【贺】【谣】【穿】【着】【的】【居】【家】【棉】【衣】，【高】【低】【立】【竿】【见】【影】。 【苏】【薇】：“【好】【久】【不】【见】【谣】【谣】，【又】【变】【漂】【亮】【了】。” 【贺】【谣】【也】【道】：“【哪】【儿】【有】，【不】【如】【苏】【薇】【姐】【姐】【漂】【亮】。” 【女】【人】【是】【最】【无】【法】【拒】【绝】【这】【些】【虚】【与】【委】【蛇】【的】
【既】【然】【大】【家】【都】【是】【同】【道】【中】【人】，【共】【享】【信】【息】【是】【十】【分】【重】【要】【的】，【毕】【竟】【大】【家】【的】【最】【终】【目】【的】，【都】【是】【解】【决】【涅】【槃】【神】【树】【的】【问】【题】。 【巫】【行】【雨】【直】【接】【说】【道】： “【我】【们】【刚】【才】【查】【过】【了】，【这】【颗】【涅】【槃】【果】【灵】【气】【充】【沛】，【若】【是】【谁】【能】【将】【它】【吃】【下】，【修】【为】【必】【然】【会】【突】【飞】【猛】【进】。” 【众】【人】【望】【了】【一】【眼】【与】【汽】【车】【一】【样】【大】【小】【的】【涅】【槃】【果】，【都】【笑】【了】【笑】，【显】【然】【没】【人】【能】【将】【这】【玩】【意】【儿】【一】【口】【吞】【下】。
【书】【桌】【前】，【在】【莹】【草】【灯】【绿】【油】【油】【的】【灯】【光】【照】【耀】【下】，【是】【丘】【娜】【低】【头】【忙】【碌】【的】【身】【影】。 【在】【她】【脚】【边】【放】【着】【一】【口】【锅】，【此】【时】【锅】【里】【正】【冒】【着】【热】【气】，【书】【桌】【的】【一】【角】【因】【为】【沾】【到】【太】【多】【水】【蒸】【气】，【表】【面】【已】【经】【结】【了】【一】【层】【薄】【薄】【的】【冰】【霜】。 【食】【物】【在】【沸】【腾】【的】【锅】【里】【上】【下】【翻】【腾】【着】，【不】【止】【有】【根】【茎】【在】【里】【面】【起】【起】【伏】【伏】，【也】【有】【不】【少】【是】【丘】【娜】【这】【样】【的】【人】【才】【能】【独】【享】【的】【食】【物】。 【现】【在】【咸】【阳】【的】【平】【民】www.hk3366.com【江】【流】【云】：“……” “【可】【你】【小】【子】【倒】【好】，【是】【个】【忘】【恩】【负】【义】，【过】【河】【拆】【桥】【的】，【这】【河】，【还】【没】【过】【呢】！【小】【子】！” 【江】【流】【云】：“……” 【他】【怎】【么】【了】【他】？ 【啊】？ 【他】【不】【过】【是】【关】【心】【了】【一】【下】【他】【师】【父】，【他】【有】【错】【吗】【他】！ “【你】【小】【子】【别】【不】【说】【话】，【你】【现】【在】【就】【是】【说】【你】【到】【底】【是】【不】【是】【忘】【恩】【负】【义】，【狼】【心】【狗】【肺】！” 【江】【流】【云】：“……” 【我】【在】【哪】？【我】
【皇】【上】【愤】【怒】【的】【甩】【着】【秀】【袍】，【语】【气】【中】【带】【着】【不】【能】【拒】【绝】【的】【命】【令】【语】【气】。 “【我】【母】【亲】【去】【世】【前】【曾】【给】【过】【我】【一】【枚】【玉】【佩】，【她】【说】【过】，【若】【是】【将】【来】【遇】【到】【不】【可】【抗】【力】【的】【灾】【祸】，【可】【免】【一】【死】，【现】【在】，【我】【想】【用】【这】【个】【玉】【佩】，【求】【一】【纸】【婚】【约】。”【江】【烨】【坚】【定】【的】【举】【着】【玉】【佩】，【眼】【睛】【认】【真】【的】【看】【着】【南】【鹤】【行】。 【南】【鹤】【行】【疑】【惑】【的】【咧】【着】【嘴】，“【你】【看】【我】【干】【什】【么】?” 【皇】【上】【微】【微】【揉】【着】【眉】【心】，
【艾】【丁】【如】【同】【魔】【怔】【一】【般】【的】【站】【在】【了】【原】【地】【喃】【喃】【自】【语】，【他】【没】【有】【想】【到】【自】【己】【的】【结】【果】【竟】【然】【回】【事】【如】【此】【的】【残】【忍】。 【眼】【前】【坐】【着】【的】【骑】【士】【长】【宛】【如】【一】【只】【魔】【鬼】【一】【般】，【那】【个】【把】【他】【从】【高】【山】【之】【上】【拉】【下】【来】【的】【魔】【鬼】，【击】【碎】【他】【梦】【境】【的】【魔】【鬼】。 “【为】【什】【么】？！【为】【什】【么】！？”【艾】【丁】【终】【于】【无】【法】【忍】【耐】，【朝】【着】【骑】【士】【长】【大】【声】【咆】【哮】。 “【你】【疯】【了】？！”【坐】【在】【骑】【士】【长】【旁】【边】【的】【两】【个】【神】【使】
【小】【月】【牙】【是】【属】【于】【不】【情】【不】【愿】【地】，【被】【汪】【薛】【洋】【带】【走】【的】！ 【许】【静】【也】【只】【能】【够】【眼】【巴】【巴】【地】【望】【着】【她】，【跟】【着】【汪】【薛】【洋】【走】【掉】，【小】【手】【被】【无】【燎】【司】【扯】【着】，【走】【回】【酒】【店】！【她】【真】【是】【世】【上】【最】【凄】【凉】【的】【名】【门】【闺】【秀】【了】！ 【也】【就】【是】【那】【天】，【许】【静】【并】【没】【有】【吃】【到】【避】【孕】【药】！【更】【是】【因】【为】【这】【一】【天】，【他】【们】【谁】【都】【没】【有】【能】【够】【想】【到】，【许】【静】【怀】【孕】【了】！ 【那】【天】，【无】【燎】【司】【知】【道】【许】【静】【不】【想】【要】【怀】【自】【己】【的】【孩】