WASHINGTON — To compete with a more assertive China, the United States should invest in alliances and multilateral institutions, which President Trump and his administration have rejected or undermined, a report issued Tuesday by prominent scholars and former top White House, State Department and trade officials working on China concluded.
In addition, the Trump administration should take firm stands against China on its malign policies, from mercantilist measures to military expansionism, but should avoid overreacting to hard-line actions by President Xi Jinping and the Communist Party while searching for areas of cooperation with Beijing, the report said.
The United States and China “find their bilateral relationship at a dangerous crossroads,” said the report, issued by the Asia Society and the 21st Century China Center at the University of California, San Diego. “The United States and China are on a collision course. The foundations of good will that took decades to build are rapidly breaking down.”
The report was overseen by Orville Schell of the Asia Society and Susan L. Shirk, a professor at the University of California, San Diego, who worked on China policy as a deputy assistant secretary of state under President Bill Clinton. The two spent Monday in Washington briefing policymakers at the White House and State Department on what they call “smart competition.”
The report is the second written by the group of China experts. The 17 authors “are all on this escalator away from the idea that engagement is functional and that things were generally heading in a convergent direction despite setbacks,” Mr. Schell said in an interview. “That’s a startling change that has pulled the floor out from underneath many of our old assumptions.”
Ms. Shirk said the group agreed that it was “good to get tougher with China and call out the Chinese policies that are not keeping with global norms and detrimental to U.S. values.” But, she said, “we feel more strongly that the Trump administration is going about this in the wrong way.” She added, “The way they’re going about it is whack ’em and push back for the sake of pushing back.”
The group includes Charlene Barshefsky, former United States trade representative; Winston Lord, former ambassador to China; and Evan S. Medeiros, former senior director for Asia in President Barack Obama’s National Security Council.
The report, titled “Course Correction,” noted that the current period of tensions was the worst in 40 years, even as the two nations’ “economic and military capabilities have become more evenly matched, making the dangers of overt conflict far greater.”
“The Trump administration has exacerbated these dangers by undervaluing two of the United States’ greatest advantages: our network of allies and partners and the global multilateral institutions on which we all depend,” the report said, adding that such moves have “tarnished the U.S. image as a beacon of liberal values on the world stage.”
The authors pointed to Mr. Trump’s abandonment of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, a trade agreement that Mr. Obama had helped forge to push China to conform to stricter norms in trade relations. Eleven nations — including allies Japan, Canada and Australia — renegotiated the agreement without the United States last year and are using it to address Mr. Trump’s protectionist policies as well as those of China.
As for Mr. Trump’s trade war, his signature policy on China, the authors advised shifting the focus from tariffs to forcing Beijing to change industrial policy measures that violate international norms. These include state subsidies, forced technology transfer, intellectual property theft, cyberespionage and the barring of foreign companies from fair market access.
The United States should also work with other nations to strengthen World Trade Organization rules and punish China for violations, the report said.
On the security front, the United States must continue to invest in its East Asian alliances, especially Japan, even though Mr. Trump constantly questions expenditures on those kinds of military commitments, the report said.
The authors list a few areas of potential cooperation between the United States and China, including global public health, climate change and preventing nuclear proliferation.B:
公子襄水心论坛白小姐“【族】【里】【对】【此】【事】【自】【会】【要】【有】【安】【排】，【完】【全】【不】【需】【要】【少】【主】【您】【亲】【自】【出】【手】【的】“【白】【宇】【也】【不】【诧】【异】【自】【家】【少】【主】【知】【道】【族】【里】【的】【想】【法】。 “【那】【不】【就】【得】【了】，【我】【就】【去】【看】【看】【热】【闹】，【绝】【对】【不】【出】【头】。【您】【们】【办】【您】【们】【的】【事】，【我】【看】【我】【的】【热】【闹】，【绝】【对】【互】【不】【打】【扰】“【摊】【了】【摊】【手】，【隐】【无】【双】【一】【副】【你】【完】【全】【不】【用】【管】【我】【我】【就】【是】【打】【酱】【油】【的】【表】【情】。 “【少】【主】.“【隐】【无】【双】【的】【油】【盐】【不】
【小】【树】【叶】【非】【要】【亲】【自】【喂】【秦】【烨】【吃】，【自】【己】【刚】【刚】【剥】【好】【的】【瓜】【子】【仁】，【都】【是】【宝】【贝】【儿】【女】【儿】【的】【一】【番】【心】【意】，【秦】【烨】【微】【笑】【的】【吃】【下】【了】。 “【嗯】【啊】，【真】【好】【吃】！” 【秦】【烨】【对】【着】【女】【儿】【笑】【了】【笑】，【开】【口】【夸】【赞】【了】【一】【遍】，【小】【树】【叶】【闻】【声】【后】，【整】【个】【人】【都】【开】【心】【的】【笑】【了】。 “【嘻】【嘻】，【小】【树】【叶】【最】【爱】【粑】【粑】【了】！” 【小】【树】【叶】【真】【的】【很】【爱】【秦】【烨】，【尤】【其】【是】【她】【现】【在】【这】【个】【阶】【段】，【每】【天】【都】【很】【黏】
【这】【蛮】【荒】【星】【球】【的】【星】【核】【只】【是】【一】【块】【赤】【阳】【仙】【金】，【连】【下】【品】【先】【天】【灵】【宝】【都】【算】【不】【上】，【对】【通】【天】【而】【言】，【没】【有】【任】【何】【作】【用】。 “【师】【叔】，【你】【若】【是】【觉】【得】【在】【这】【里】【等】【待】【无】【趣】，【不】【如】【带】【师】【侄】【去】【看】【看】【当】【初】【我】【们】【安】【顿】【大】【昊】【王】【朝】【时】【的】【另】【外】【九】【颗】【行】【星】？” 【蛮】【荒】【星】【球】【的】【遭】【遇】，【让】【姜】【尚】【心】【中】【既】【担】【心】【又】【愤】【怒】。 “【也】【罢】，【大】【师】【兄】，【那】【我】【们】【就】【一】【起】【去】【看】【看】？” 【通】【天】【对】
【云】【朵】【塞】【了】【一】【颗】【丹】【药】【在】【舅】【舅】【嘴】【里】，【看】【着】【舅】【舅】【昏】【迷】【着】【苍】【白】【的】【脸】，【云】【朵】【只】【想】【打】【杀】【了】【伤】【害】【他】【的】【那】【两】【个】【人】。 【秦】【昊】【有】【点】【担】【忧】【的】【看】【着】【握】【紧】【拳】【头】【的】【云】【朵】：“【朵】【朵】，【舅】【舅】【一】【定】【没】【事】【的】，【你】【别】【着】【急】。” “【我】【知】【道】，【我】【就】【是】【气】，【那】【两】【个】【人】【带】【回】【来】【了】【吗】？” “【暂】【时】【还】【没】【有】，【不】【过】【冯】【吉】【办】【事】【你】【放】【心】，【他】【定】【会】【好】【好】【招】【呼】【那】【两】【个】【人】【的】。” 公子襄水心论坛白小姐“(･_･)ﾉ⌒●~*” 【冬】【弥】【放】【弃】，【这】【活】【他】【干】【不】【了】，【还】【是】【交】【给】【乔】【伊】【吧】。 【次】【日】，【冬】【弥】【带】【着】【波】【克】【比】【去】【检】【查】【身】【体】。 【而】【伊】【布】【捞】【住】【手】【机】，【死】【都】【不】【去】，【还】【用】【看】【护】“【冬】【弥】【的】【实】【验】【成】【果】”【作】【为】【借】【口】。 【一】【圈】【下】【来】，【波】【克】【比】【一】【切】【正】【常】，【就】【是】……【就】【是】【吃】【得】【有】【点】【撑】。 【乔】【伊】【小】【姐】【还】【嗔】【怪】【冬】【弥】【把】【波】【克】【比】【当】【小】【卡】【比】【兽】【一】【样】【养】。
【写】【下】“【结】【局】”【二】【字】，【其】【实】【还】【是】【挺】【痛】【心】【的】。 【原】【想】【着】【写】【两】【百】【万】【字】【的】【书】，【刚】【写】【到】【六】【十】【万】【字】【就】【写】【不】【下】【去】【了】。 【在】【上】【架】【感】【言】【中】，【我】【就】【曾】【说】【过】，【只】【要】【作】【者】【还】【有】【想】【表】【达】【的】【东】【西】【就】【肯】【定】【会】【写】【下】【去】，【无】【关】【本】【书】【成】【绩】【的】【好】【坏】。 【那】【么】，【选】【择】【在】【此】【时】【完】【本】，【也】【就】【是】【感】【觉】【该】【写】【的】【东】【西】，【已】【经】【写】【得】【差】【不】【多】【了】。 【这】【么】【说】【似】【乎】【也】【不】【确】。 【准】
【林】【生】【在】【经】【历】【了】【龙】【血】【淬】【体】【后】，【获】【得】【过】【一】【个】【特】【别】【的】【技】【能】。【他】【可】【以】【用】【自】【己】【的】【身】【体】【去】【融】【合】【某】【个】【植】【物】【的】**，【从】【而】【获】【得】【这】【种】【植】【物】【的】【特】【殊】【能】【力】。 【当】【林】【生】【成】【功】【破】【坏】【了】【召】【唤】【仪】【式】【的】【瞬】【间】，【大】【量】【的】【血】【肉】【精】【华】，【正】【好】【落】【在】【了】【他】【的】【身】【上】。【这】【些】【血】【肉】【精】【华】【虽】【然】【是】【老】【鱼】【人】【用】【邪】【恶】【的】【手】【段】【所】【提】【取】【出】【来】【的】，【但】【其】【本】【身】【却】【属】【于】【最】【精】【纯】【的】【能】【量】。 【感】【受】【到】
【两】【个】【人】【在】【山】【上】【生】【活】【了】【几】【个】【月】，【初】【酒】【才】【一】【脸】【严】【肃】【的】【看】【着】【灵】【冕】【问】：“【你】【说】【的】【婚】【礼】【呢】？【你】【不】【会】【是】【想】【跳】【过】【那】【个】【步】【骤】，【直】【接】【跟】【我】【过】【日】【子】【吧】？” “【明】【天】【早】【点】【起】，【婚】【礼】【已】【经】【准】【备】【好】，【你】【不】【用】【操】【心】”【灵】【冕】【笑】【着】【说】。 【初】【酒】【一】【脸】【的】【不】【相】【信】。“【你】【天】【天】【跟】【我】【待】【在】【一】【起】，【我】【怎】【么】【没】【看】【见】【你】【去】【准】【备】【什】【么】？” “【这】【是】【秘】【密】，【明】【天】【你】【就】【知】【道】【了】